This screenshot shows a single Action for the AfterEveryRecord Event Handler which is a ClearMapPut. Map Designer added this Event Handler after a valid source and target were set up. For every source record (excluding filters), the target buffer is cleared (Clear). The map is applied to the buffer using the source data plus any RIFL expressions (Map). Finally, the buffer is written to the target (PutRecord or "Put").
ClearMapPut is a convenient shorthand for three distinct Actions: Clear, Map, and PutRecord. It's better to use the shorthand in most cases unless you want to deviate from the standard processing. Here's the functionality in longhand.
While you can do many table to table transfers with a cursory understanding of Actions and Event Handlers, it's crucial to deepen this understanding when working with hierarchical data structures like XML. That's because there is no longer a one-to-one correspondence between an input record and an XML element. Watch a tutorial I put together on XML processing that uses two Event Handlers (BeforeTransformation and AfterEveryRecord).
This post is replicated from http://my.opera.com/walkerca/blog/2010/11/16/clear-map-and-put-4.